The Templar Knight

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Lisbon conquered in the Crusades!

This is an astonishing story from the Middle Ages of how a vast crusader army on the way to the Holy Land was convinced to divert to Portugal and help a small Christian kingdom take a city called Al-Usbuna from…

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Spain and Portugal – battle between Islam and Christianity

Hard to believe that modern Spain and Portugal were once part of a global caliphate (from 711 CE) – ruled by Muslim emirs. It then became a battleground between Islam and Christianity for eight hundred years. Finally, by 1492, the…

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Is it a mosque or a church?

Toledo in Spain shows how Christians and Muslims lived together and even allowed churches to become mosques and vice versa

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